Plaque psoriasis occurs in two forms: active and inactive. Active plaque psoriasis is a chronic condition that causes scaly, thick, reddish skin patches on the scalp. Almost 7.5% of adult Americans have plaque psoriasis. Plaque psoriasis is the second most common type.
In the milder forms of psoriasis, the immune system becomes weak. This causes the body to produce more red blood cells than usual. As a result, the body’s white blood cell production slows down. This results in the skin cells coating the affected areas with an abnormal substance called keratin. Over time this causes a layer of dead skin cells and connective tissue to form on the skin’s surface.
Plaque psoriatic arthritis is very similar to the latter type. The most common symptoms are redness, inflammation and swelling of the affected area. Other symptoms include thickening of the skin layers and a crusty appearance. The affected area may even crack and bleed.
There are various psoriatic medications available in the market. The most common medications for the treatment of plaque psoriatic arthritis include sulfasalazine (Zithromax) and glucocorticosteroids. These medications reduce the inflammation and increase the production of the body’s own natural healing agents. However, they do not cure the disease.
Surgical procedures like excision and chemical peeling are also used to treat psoriatic arthritis. The surgical procedure involves removing the affected area and then grafting it with skin from another part of your body.
If the affected area does not respond to other medications or surgical procedures, doctors may opt to undergo laser surgery. This procedure involves the use of a light beam to burn away skin layers of skin so that healthy skin and new skin cells can grow in its place.
There are some instances when psoriatic arthritis may not respond to medication or surgery. It may require more extensive treatment. Some patients with such a disease may need to wear thick surgical dressings for a long period of time or may be restricted to wearing a wheelchair for a prolonged time.
Plaque psoriatic arthritis is very uncomfortable and may lead to pain and disability. People who are affected by this disorder often complain of extreme itchiness and soreness in the affected areas. This may even prevent them from sleeping due to the pain that is caused by it.
The causes of psoriatic arthritis vary. Sometimes the cause is not known but it may be linked to the environment. Such causes include: exposure to chemicals and pesticides that may be inhaled; frequent use of steroids; and excessive weight gain. Other diseases or illnesses that may cause plaque psoriatic arthritis are diabetes and cancer.
There are many effective ways of treating this disease. In order to eliminate plaque psoriatic arthritis, doctors may prescribe various medications such as glucocorticosteroids and oral anti-inflammatory drugs. Other treatments may include physical therapy and dietary change.
A combination of medication and physical therapy is considered to be one of the effective ways to get rid of plaque psoriatic arthritis. In most cases, people afflicted with this disorder have noticed significant improvements after using this combination of treatment.
Many people experience relief of their symptoms after only using one or two weeks of using this treatment. However, it may take longer for some people to become totally cured.