How To Define Toenail Fungal Infection
Toenail fungal infection has many factors that can contribute to its development. Onychocryptosis is known as ingrown toenail which is one of the most common types of toenail fungal infection.
This condition involves the abnormal growth of the nail into the surrounding skin. Intense pain, inflammation, and mild fever are the manifestations a patient will experience if the infection of the ingrown toenail is left untreated. Cut the toenail in a straight way and not in curved way to avoid getting ingrown toenail.
Never leave wounds or lesions untreated on the toenail and make sure they are always clean and dry. Deficiency of certain vitamins or minerals can lead to weak and brittle nails. Therefore, the toenails are very prone to injuries and wounds when wearing not properly fitted shoes or footwear.
There are available home remedies to treat or manage toenail fungal infections; however, there are instances wherein you need to consult a doctor, it includes increased pain and inflammation despite of interventions done.
Factors that causes toenail fungal infection
One of the most common causes of toenail fungal infection is wearing not properly fitted shoes or footwear. If you are wearing shoes that are not your size, your toenails will be compressed and will cause abrasion. Always cut your toenails in a straight way because cutting it in a curved way makes the nail dig into the surrounding flesh.
Most common cause of the infection is fungi or bacteria. This results to inflammation, tenderness, and formation of blisters. The blisters make the nails slightly raised then extra blood makes its way discoloring the nail so that it will appear black.
Manifestations of toenail fungal infection
- The big toe is very prone to be ingrown amongst other toes in the foot.
- Other nails can also be ingrown and it may even occur all at the same time.
- Swelling, intense pain, and tenderness when touched are some of the manifestations of an toenail fungal infection.
- Initially, the toenail fungal infection is only painful and swollen, it does not produce any purulent discharges, as the nail grows additional skin and tissue grows as well.
- If the infection gets worst, formation of pus or yellowish discharge is expected. The production of pus means that the body is responding well to foreign substances since this is its defense mechanism.
- Seek medical attention at once if the pain and purulent discharge lasts for more than three days.
Managing and preventing toenail fungal infection
- If you are experiencing the manifestations listed above, most probably you have an toenail fungal infection. Soak or immerse the infected toe in warm water for 15 to 20 minutes at least two to three times a day. What warm water does is that it reduces or decreases the swelling and pain over time.
- Use cotton or sterile gauze around the toenail fungal infection so that the infection will be confined.
- Secure the dressing with thin adhesive tapes.
- To clean the infected toe, always use hydrogen peroxide then pat it dry using a clean towel.
- Finally, apply a thin layer of antibacterial cream, lotion, ointment. Clean the toenail fungal infection at least three times a day until it improves.
- Before wearing any shoes, make sure that it fits you properly, not the tight not to loose.
- The pain brought about by the toenail fungal infection can be reduced by taking over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen.