Fresh juice without preservatives, flavorings and flavor enhancers is very useful, but you can buy it in the store is almost impossible. Great purchase for lovers of delicious and healthy tea will be the juicer that allows you to make juice at home. In this article you will learn how to choose the juicer with the necessary parameters.
Types of juicers
The market has a huge variety of models, their design will depend not only on cost, but the type of fruit that you can use. Before buying you must determine the amount of work and type of squeeze vegetables and fruits. Depending on whether you plan to drink a glass of orange juice in the morning or to process the harvest from the garden, the appropriate juicer will be very different.
This is the most versatile type of juicer, great for squeezing even hard fruits and vegetables. The fruits are crushed in puree weight, then the juice separated from the pulp through the sieve under the action of centrifugal force in a centrifuge. Too soft fruits (such as bananas) can instead of the juice will turn into a puree. To work with a centrifugal juicer will require the prior preparation of fruit or vegetables: to peel, remove the seeds and veins and cut into pieces that will fit into the neck.
Centrifugal juicers are type of separator.
Round separator allows to obtain more juice, but require manual cleaning. This juicer allows you to only 2-3 cups of juice.
A cone-shaped separator allows you to remove the spent pulp automatically into a special compartment or package that allows you to produce juice with little or no treatment of the separator. But because of the high speed motor of any centrifugal juicer heats up quickly and requires periodic stops.
So should pay attention to the possibility to regulate the speed. At lower rpm the juice is clean, high – pulp. The average value is 7000 rpm. The capacity of centrifugal juicers on average 300-500 watts. Do not chase the maximum power, more attention should be paid to the materials used for production. If the juicer has a built-in container for juice, preferably, if it is made of high quality stainless steel. This will allow you to keep the juice for longer time, not allowing it to oxidize. Centrifugal model produce significant noise during operation.
As the name implies, this type is intended for extracting the juice from oranges, tangerines, lemons, grapefruits, etc. This specialization kompensiruet simplicity, reliability, speed and low cost. Citrus juice is stored not for long, so makes no sense to take model with more capacity. You should choose a juicer that can drain the juice in the substituted glass.
Citrus are electrical and mechanical in the press. The latter is perfect for camping. Electric provide very high speed and can have additional functions. The reverse (changing the direction of rotation) will provide a more thorough squeeze. The control system of the pulp to the availability regulates the purity of the juice. The use of nozzles with large slits allow to obtain the juice with pulp, and with less – more liquid juice. Different nozzles for different types of citrus will increase the speed and amount of juice. In addition, you should ensure that you have a lever holding the fruit during operation to avoid splashing all over the kitchen.
The principle of operation is similar to a meat grinder: the fruit or berries are pushed and crushed by means of a shaft (auger), the juice is then squeezed through a sieve in the front part and the cake is discharged in a separate container. While speed is inferior centrifugal, screw squeezer can operate without shutting down. It is perfectly cope with large volumes of work and has a high yield of juice, it is best to cope with soft fruits and berries. In addition, this type allows you to juice not only from fruits and vegetables, but also from nuts, seeds and greens. Moreover, this juicer allows you to not only juice and puree, pasta dough, grind coffee or spices.
There are manual and electric options. Manual is a little different from the usual grinder – is fastened to the edge of the table by means of a screw, one hand drives the shaft with the handle, the fruits are put through a small hole in the top. Electric juicer works at small speed, which is virtually silent. Depending on the number and location of shafts features of juicers can be very different.
Horizontal single screw this is the basic version. They are universal, but soft fruits or berries can turn into puree instead of juice.
Horizontal twin-screw press is much more effective. The yield of juice up to 95% – the best result among all juicers. Complicated mechanics leads to increased noise, additional details complicate cleaning and maintenance.
Vertical run at reduced speed and the juice is squeezed very carefully. They are also quite versatile, but worse cope parsley, celery and other greens. Due to the wide throat they are very convenient to lay the products.
Summing up, the screw extractor can process large amounts of fruits, berries or vegetables without stopping, an excellent choice for gardeners or simply those who like to make stocks for the winter.
As with any Electromechanical equipment, the safety of juicers one of the most important factors. Must be protected against touching the parts under voltage and mechanical parts during operation. Opening the lid should prevent and bring to an immediate halt juicers. Rubberized feet provide stability and prevent sliding. Included should be the pusher for products, if to download the vegetables or fruits you want to push during operation.
Which firm to choose?
Have thoughtful design and ergonomics, will look great in any kitchen. Additional features accurate regulation of speed and control will allow the pulp to obtain the juice that is the best consistency.
Regardless of the type of juicer, you should pay attention to the following parameters:
The enclosure must be made of high quality plastic or stainless steel. Cheap housing quickly darken, oxidize, which will affect not only the aesthetic appearance of the device, but the taste of the resulting juice.
The sieve should be made of stainless steel, knives, graters, augers, containers for collecting the juice and any other items that come into direct contact with the pulp and the juice must also be made of stainless steel or sturdy plastic for food.
If you plan to receive a large amount of juice, pay special attention to the motor. Time work cheap the engine is limited to 5 minutes of work, long-term operation leads to overheating and failure.
The power juicer is another factor, which depends on the spin speed. Depending on the mode of operation, home juicers have a capacity of 0.2 – 1.5 kW/h. More powerful models will allow faster to cope with the more solid vegetables and fruits.
For small kitchens it makes sense to choose a model without a container to collect the juice.
Last but not least – safety.
A bit of history
Since ancient times, people squeezed the juice from fruit, berries and vegetables. It was a very laborious and time-consuming process, the fruits had to grind and squeeze pressure. The result is not juice, and puree the pulp with pieces of fruit or vegetables. But with the development of technology there are new methods of extracting the juice.
In the middle of the last century was released a few models of centrifugal juicers. This device consists of a bowl attached to the motor. The juicer was a cumbersome and very noisy, it periodically had to stop to remove pulp. Getting the juice from the fibrous fruit was of such complexity. Strong vibrations lead to damage of the motor.
In the mid-twentieth century appliances began to improve, including juicers. Solved the problem with vibration, reduced size and noise level. Was developed conical separator, allowed to remove the cake automatically. These improvements allow us to enjoy fresh juices every day.
Benefits of juice
Everyone knows that the juice is helpful, but what exactly? Whether for the sake of their preparation to buy an extra appliance? The following list contains a short description of useful properties of various juices.
Apple juice improves intestinal function, helps with constipation and gallstones.
Lemon juice is good for liver, promotes the removal of excess fat.
Tomato juice regenerates the liver, helps with diarrhoea and indigestion.
Orange juice improves immunity, fights chronic fatigue, hypertension and atherosclerosis.
Juice from carrots improves vision, improves appetite, positively affects the structure of teeth.
Grape juice purifies the blood, helps in hepatitis, influenza and herpes.
Pomegranate juice is good for the gums and destroys worms.
Radish juice in small quantities is extremely useful for the thyroid gland.
Cabbage juice helps with ulcers of the stomach and activates the gastrointestinal tract.
Watermelon juice is indispensable for problems with urination.
Prune juice is useful in diseases of the liver and constipation.
Parsley juice relieves allergies, reduces cellulite, helps with skin diseases.
Ginger juice will ease the inflammation.
In addition, the juice diet is a simple and effective method to lose weight and cleanse. Juices do not contain fats, easy to digest, low in calories. During this diet juice to drink not less than 6 times a day, so the juicer will simply not interchangeable.
Now you know all you need to select a juicer suitable for you. With its help, you can enjoy healthy fresh juices every day. Remember, a juicer is not a luxury, but a great way to take care of their health.