A yeast infection is one of the most disturbing infections ever. They greatly affect the genitals of both men and women. However, women have a higher risk of getting the infection compared to men. About 75% of women get yeast infections. Thankfully, yeast infections, though common, are rarely serious. Diagnosis and treatment are easy and simple.
Symptoms of yeast infections in men are redness and irritation of the tip of the penis. A burning sensation is also present during urination and sexual intercourse.
Symptoms of yeast infections in women are redness and irritation of the vagina and swelling of the vulva. The vulva is the opening of the vagina. People affected by the infection can notice changes in the color of the matter discharged by the genitals. The matter becomes gray or white in color and look like cottage cheese.
The culprit behind this dreadful infection is Candida albicans. It is a type of fungus present in the genitals in small amounts. Lactobacillus acidophilus, dubbed as the “good bacteria” maintains the low level of Candida albicans. Whenever something goes wrong with the good bacteria, a yeast infection takes place.
The primary causes of yeast infections are antibiotic intake, pregnancy, weak immune system, obesity, and diseases such as diabetes and cancer. The secondary causes of yeast infections are improper nutrition, lack of sleep, and hormonal changes during menstrual periods.
Treatment is simple and takes effect in a few days. On the other hand, soreness and irritation of the tips of the penis and vulva can last for up to two weeks. Even Yeastrol and Diflucan, which are among the most effective drugs, need a few weeks to treat the infection. This highly depends on the severity of the infection. If left untreated, yeast infections can last up to several months or even years.
Short term yeast infection usually lasts from one to two weeks. Its duration can be shortened to five or six days if immediate treatment is done. Long term yeast infections can last up to several months. Most long term yeast infections have developed resistance to medicines.
This means that the body cannot appropriately respond to the treatment given. First timers are recommended to consult the doctor to identify whether resistance can occur and how to deal with it properly.
A pelvic exam is usually done by a health professional for diagnosis but sometimes, this is not enough because few types of yeast infections are hard to distinguish. Two tests should be done in order to know the kind and severity of the infection. The first test is performed by adding a special solution to the samples. Then, the samples are examined under a microscope. The second test is performed by sending samples to a culture laboratory.