Acne or pimples generally occur during puberty and are more common in teenagers. However, acne can also affect adults. The acne is a result of hormonal changes that occur in the body. Proper care and treatment can help to treat acne properly. Acne, if not treated properly will lead to scars which are even more difficult to remove. Acne generally occurs on the facial skin and so is a major cause for embarrassment and discomfort.
Causes of Acne
Acne can occur in any part of the skin. The primary reason for acne is the sebaceous glands that produce oil for the skin. Mostly acne occurs on facial skin since the concentration of sebaceous glands is very high in the facial skin. The sebaceous gland releases the oil produced in them through small pores on the surface of the skin.
When these pores get blocked with dirt and dust caused due to not properly washing or cleaning the skin, the oil produced by the sebaceous glands gets trapped inside the glands. Over some time, this trapped oil becomes concentrated and are commonly called as blackheads and whiteheads. As the blockage further continues, it leads to infection and pimples are caused.
Since during puberty and adolescence, the hormonal activity is very high and so the oil production in the sebaceous glands also increases. With such increase in oil production, blockages become more common and lead to pimples in teenagers. Acne is less frequent in adults but may occur frequently if proper care is not taken.
Effects of acne
Acne causes discomfort and embarrassment and results in causing impact in the social aspects of life. Acne or pimples are very sensitive and painful and give an unpleasant look especially on the face. These social and emotional effects of acne can cause depression and social withdrawal further worsening the social life. If acne is not treated properly, it may leave scars on the face causing the emotional trauma to continue for several years.
The acne scarring is not easily removable and requires high cost therapy such as laser therapy which is not affordable by many.
Treatment for Acne
Modern therapy for treating acne effectively is available. This therapy also helps to prevent the emotional and social problems which result due to acne. Recent medical studies done by leading dermatologists have proven that acne therapy can help in treating psychological embarrassment, depression and social withdrawal problems of teenagers effectively.
There are generally two types of treatment for acne available. They are Topical treatment and Oral treatment. A proper diagnosis of the acne is necessary in determining the proper treatment. There are different stages in acne starting from mild to severe. Also if treating acne through self medication, it is very essential to know the reasons for acne and how to stop further development of acne and avert acne scars.
Early treatment is vital in preventing acne from developing to extreme infection. Most acne treatment last about a few months and the results are slow. A proper understanding of the skin type is also very essential in choosing the correct medication for treating the acne.