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Understanding fungal infection toenail

There are a lot of factors that can contribute to the development of fungal infection toenail. One of the most common types is an ingrown toenail which is medically termed as Onychocryptosis. This condition is the abnormal growth of the nail edge or corner into the surrounding skin or flesh. The patient with an ingrown toenail may experience intense pain, swelling, and slight fever if the infection is left untreated. To avoid having ingrown toenail, cut it in a straight way and not in a curved one. Always treat wounds or lesions on the toenail and keep them always clean and dry. Certain deficiency of vitamins or minerals can make the nails weak and brittle. This makes them prone to injuries when wearing ill-fitted shoes or footwear.
Fortunately, fungal infection toenails can be managed easily even at home; however, monitor the pain and the appearance of the infected area for any signs of complications. If the pain is no longer tolerated, seek medical attention at once.

30a Understanding fungal infection toenail

What are the causes of fungal infection toenail?

If you are wearing not properly fitted shoes or other footwear, you may injure or damage your toenail because of the compression and pressure inside shoes. Cutting your toenails in the curved away instead of the street one causes the edges or corners of the nail me to dig into the surrounding skin. Fungi or bacteria are the reason for the infection which causes swelling, tenderness, and blisters. The formation of blisters results to a slightly raised toenail, and eventually extra blood comes in making it appeared to be fungal infection toenailblack in color.

Fungal infection toenail signs and symptoms

Out of the five toenails of the feet the big toe has the higher possibility of being ingrown. Even nails on both sides can be infected and become ingrown. Manifestations of fungal infection toenail includes swelling, intense pain, and tenderness when touched. If the fungal or bacterial infection is left untreated or unmanaged, fever is inevitable. At first, the fungal infection toenail is only painful and swollen and does not contain any drainage or purulent discharge, but as the nail grows additional skin and tissue grow as well. Formation of pus or yellowish discharge is noted if the infection worsens. This is sign that the body is responding well to the foreign substances since this is its defense mechanism. If the pain and purulent discharge lasts for more than three days, despite of interventions, consult your doctor at once.

How to manage and prevent fungal infection toenail?

If you are experiencing the signs and symptoms listed above, the possibility is, you have an fungal infection toenail. Soak or immerse the affected toe in warm or lukewarm water for about 15 to 20 minutes at least two to three times a day. The warm water will reduce or lessen the swelling and pain overtime. Placing cotton or sterile gauze around the affected toe helps in confining the infection. Secure the dressing with adhesive tapes. In cleaning the infected toe, use hydrogen peroxide, pat it dry, and finally apply a thin layer of antibacterial creams or ointments. Do this at least three times a day until the fungal infection toenail improves. Before wearing any shoes or footwear, make sure that it is your size, not to tight not to loose. If you cannot tolerate the pain brought about by the fungal infection toenail you can always take over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen.

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