Diaphragmatic hernia of the esophagus and stomach, characteristics of the disease, the causes of hernia, treatment, prevention and rehabilitation after illness
Characteristics of hernia of the diaphragm
Diaphragmatic hernia of the esophagus and stomach – is the formation of openings in the diaphragm the esophagus, stomach, through which the organs of the abdominal cavity penetrate or protrude into the cavity of the chest. But there are cases of the reverse action.
Such a hernia is a danger that blocks the normal working of the heart and lungs, and the digestive organs.
Stages and symptoms of diaphragmatic hernia
Diaphragmatic hernia is of two stages: chronic and acute. In chronic hernia symptoms may not be observed.
Acute stage leads to a number of symptoms are shortness of breath, unpleasant belching, constant heartburn, I, spasms in the stomach, burning sensation and pain in the chest.
Classification and type of hernia diaphragm stomach
Diaphragmatic hernia is also divided into two types:
1. Non-traumatic hernia;
2. Hernia traumatic nature.
The first type of non-traumatic hernia is:
Neuropathic is relaxed on the portion of the diaphragm that leads to nervous violation of this section.
Hernia food, the aortic orifice of the diaphragm, and the sex of Vienna.
The types of hernias are divided also into subspecies:
A true hernia is the presence of the hernia SAC and the infringement;
About hernia – hernia no bear.
Causes of diaphragmatic hernia
1. Heavy physical exertion;
2. Pregnancy and a difficult birth;
4. Regular overeating and excess body weight;
5. Degeneration of the muscles and ligaments and weak connective tissue;
6. Frequent constipation;
7. Diseases of intestine and stomach;
8. Rapid cough, bronchitis and lung disease provoking cough;
9. The scars and burns of the esophagus;
10. Age after 50 years.
Diagnosis of hernia of the diaphragm esophageal stomach
Testing for the presence of a diaphragmatic hernia is mainly carried on by means of x-rays of the chest and the abdomen, while mandatory during a radiographic examination, the acceptance of barium.
Also carried out a gastroscopy and a test of the acidity of the stomach. In some cases, is assigned to CT.
Treatment of diaphragmatic hernia
In most cases, doctors prescribe conservative methods of treatment, because even after surgery there is a probability of recurrence of the diaphragmatic hernia.
The operation is assigned only in the presence of a true hernia infringement.
Conservative methods include:
The reduction of intrauterine pressure;
reduce the acidity in the stomach;
treatment of diseases of the stomach;
a reduction of physical stress;
normalization of the bowel.
You also need to follow a diet.
Prevention of the disease
To protect yourself from such diseases as hernia of the diaphragm, the esophagus the stomach the first thing is not to reboot the body excessive physical exertion. To observe proper diet. Sports only have a beneficial effect on strengthening the muscle walls of the abdominal cavity. You can also apply physiotherapy.
Doctors recommended breathing exercises, therapeutic exercises in the prone position, water therapy, Spa treatment.
You also need to diet and nutrition.
To prevent such diseases as diaphragmatic hernia should always monitor their health, will also be a useful exercise and proper nutrition.